How to know if we are having a stroke? This information can save your life!!!
A stroke happens when a blood vessel in the brain becomes blocked or bursts, and it stems from a cardiovascular condition such as atherosclerosis, high blood pressure or atrial fibrillation.
The most common stroke symptoms include the sudden appearance of:
- Numbness or weakness in the face, arms or legs, especially on one side of the body.
- Confusion, trouble speaking or trouble understanding.
- Trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
- Trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination.
- Severe headache with no apparent cause.
Both women and men have these symptoms, but women can also have a variety of other symptoms that are less commonly seen. These include:
- Losing consciousness or fainting.
- General weakness rather than just specific weakness in one part of the body.
- Trouble breathing.
- Confusion, unresponsiveness or a feeling of disorientation.
- Sudden change in behavior.
- Feeling agitated.
- Feeling nauseous or vomiting.
- Sudden pain somewhere.
Risk factors for stroke
Strokes and cardiovascular disease share many risk factors:
Excess weight — Obesity can lead to heart disease and high cholesterol, which can lead to a stroke.
Heart problems — Strokes are six times more likely to occur in people with cardiovascular disease. Atrial fibrillation, one of the most common heart rhythm problems, increases your risk of stroke by about 5 times.
High blood pressure — Strokes are four to six times more likely in people with hypertension.
High cholesterol — People with high cholesterol are at double the risk of having a stroke.
Heavy drinking — This increases the risk for stroke and cardiovascular disease.
Smoking — If you smoke, you double your risk for stroke compared to nonsmokers.